Electron. J. Diff. Eqns., Vol. 2002(2002), No. 13, pp. 1-29.

Some remarks on the Melnikov function

Flaviano Battelli & Michal Feckan

We study the Melnikov function associated with a periodic perturbation of a differential equation having a homoclinic orbit. Our main interest is the characterization of perturbations that give rise to vanishing or non-vanishing of the Melnikov function. For this purpose we show that, in some cases, the Fourier coefficients of the Melkinov function can be evaluated by means of the calculus of residues. We apply this result, among other things, to the construction of a second-order equation whose Melnikov function vanishes identically for any $C^{1}$, $2\pi$-periodic perturbation. Then we study the second order Melnikov function of the perturbed equation, and prove it is non-vanishing for a large class of perturbations.

Submitted November 27, 2001. Published February 7, 2002.
Math Subject Classifications: 34C23, 34C37.
Key Words: Melnikov function, residues, Fourier coefficients.

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Flaviano Battelli
Dipartimento di Matematica ``V. Volterra'',
Facolta di Ingegneria - Universita di Ancona,
Via Brecce Bianche 1, 60131 Ancona - Italy
e-mail: fbat@dipmat.unian.it
Michal Feckan
Department of Mathematical Analysis, Comenius University,
Mlynska dolina, 842 48 Bratislava - Slovakia
e-mail: Michal.Feckan@fmph.uniba.sk

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