Electron. J. Differential Equations, Vol. 2021 (2021), No. 55, pp. 1-17.

Turing instability analysis of a singular cross-diffusion problem

Gonzalo Galiano, Victor Gonzalez-Tabernero

The population model by Busenberg and Travis is a paradigmatic model in ecology and tumor modeling because its ability to capture interesting phenomena such as segregation of populations. Its singular mathematical structure enforces the consideration of regularized problems to deduce properties as fundamental as the existence of solutions. In this article we perform a weakly nonlinear stability analysis of a general class of regularized problems to study the convergence of the instability modes in the limit of the regularization parameter. We demonstrate with some specific examples that the pattern formation observed in the regularized problems, with unbounded wave numbers, is not present in the limit problem because of the amplitude decay of the oscillations. We also check the results of the stability analysis with direct finite element simulations of the problem.

Submitted December 8, 2020. Published June 21, 2021.
Math Subject Classifications: 35K55, 35B36, 92D25.
Key Words: Cross-diffusion; Turing instability; weakly nonlinear equation; finite element method.

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Gonzalo Galiano
Department of Mathematics
University of Oviedo
Oviedo, Spain
email: galiano@uniovi.es
Víctor González-Tabernero
Department of Mathematics
University of Santiago de Compostela
Santiago de Compostela, Spain
email: victor.gonzalez.tabernero@rai.usc.es

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