Fifth Mississippi State Conference on Differential Equations and Computational Simulations,
Electron. J. Diff. Eqns., Conf. 10, 2003, pp. 55-69.

Tin melting: Effect of grid size and scheme on the numerical solution

Vasilios Alexiades, Noureddine Hannoun, & Tsun Zee Mai

Benchmark solutions in Computational Fluid Dynamics are necessary for testing and for the verification of newly developed algorithms and codes. For flows involving heat transfer coupled to solid-liquid phase change and convection in the melt, such benchmark solutions do not exist. A set of benchmark problems has recently been proposed for melting of metals and waxes and several researchers responded by providing solutions for the given problems. It was shown in two recent publications that there were large discrepancies in the results obtained by those contributors. In the present, work we focus on one of the four test problems, tin melting at Rayleigh number Ra=2.5 X 10^5. Solutions obtained for several grids and two discretization schemes are presented and compared. Our results are used to explain the origin of the discrepancies in earlier results. Suggestions for future work are also provided.

Published February 28, 2003.
Subject classifications: 80A22, 74S10, 76D05, 65N99.
Key words: Phase change, melting, numerical simulation, enthalpy method, benchmark, fluid flow.

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Vasilios Alexiades
Mathematics Department,
University of Tennessee,
Knoxville, TN 37996-1300 USA,
Oak Ridge National Laboratory,
Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA
Noureddine Hannoun
Mathematics Department,
University of Tennessee,
Knoxville, TN 37996-1300, USA
Tsun Zee Mai
Mathematics Department,
Box 870350,
The University of Alabama,
Tuscaloosa, AL 35487, USA

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